How to Find Weighted Average
In many realworld situations, we need to find an average value for a set of data. However, all values in a dataset may not have the same importance or significance. In such cases, we use the weighted average to calculate the average value by assigning different weights to each value. The weighted average takes into account the relative importance of each value in the dataset. In this article, we will discuss what is a weighted average and how to calculate it.
What is a Weighted Average?
The weighted average is a statistical measure that takes into account the relative importance of each value in a dataset. It is a type of average that assigns a weight to each value based on its importance or significance. The weighted average is calculated by multiplying each value by its corresponding weight, adding all the products, and then dividing the sum of the products by the sum of the weights.
Formula for Weighted Average
The formula for calculating the weighted average is as follows:
Weighted Average = (w1x1 + w2x2 + … + wnxn) / (w1 + w2 + … + wn)
Where,
w1, w2, …, wn are the weights assigned to each value. x1, x2, …, xn are the values. n is the total number of values in the dataset.
Example:
Suppose we have a dataset of five values: 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50. The weights assigned to each value are 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively. To find the weighted average, we use the formula:
Weighted Average = (1 x 10 + 2 x 20 + 3 x 30 + 4 x 40 + 5 x 50) / (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5) = 37
Therefore, the weighted average of the dataset is 37.
Uses of Weighted Average
The weighted average is used in many realworld situations where all values in a dataset do not have the same significance. Some common uses of the weighted average are:
 In finance, the weighted average is used to calculate the average cost of capital, which is the average cost of all the funds used by a company.
 In grading systems, the weighted average is used to calculate the final grade by assigning different weights to each assignment, quiz, or exam.
 In sports, the weighted average is used to calculate the player’s overall performance by assigning different weights to each stat, such as points, rebounds, and assists.
 In the stock market, the weighted average is used to calculate the index, such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average, by assigning different weights to each stock in the index.
Calculating Weighted Average in Excel
Excel provides an easy way to calculate the weighted average using the SUMPRODUCT function. The SUMPRODUCT function multiplies each value by its corresponding weight, adds all the products, and returns the sum.
The formula for calculating the weighted average in Excel is as follows:
=SUMPRODUCT(values, weights) / SUM(weights)
Where,
values is the range of values. weights is the range of weights.
Example:
Suppose we have a dataset of five values: 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50. The weights assigned to each value are 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively. To find the weighted average in Excel, we use the formula:
=SUMPRODUCT(A2:A6, B2:B6) / SUM(B2:B6)
Where,
A2:A6 is the range of values. B2:B6 is the range of weights.
Therefore, the weighted average of the dataset is 37.
Calculating Weighted Average in Python
Python provides various libraries, such as NumPy and Pandas, that can be used to calculate the weighted average of a dataset. Here is an example of how to calculate the weighted average using NumPy:
import numpy as np
values = np.array([10, 20, 30, 40, 50]) weights = np.array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])
weighted_avg = np.average(values, weights=weights)
print(weighted_avg)
The output of this code will be:
37.0
Here is an example of how to calculate the weighted average using Pandas:
import pandas as pd
df = pd.DataFrame({‘values’: [10, 20, 30, 40, 50], ‘weights’: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]})
weighted_avg = (df[‘values’] * df[‘weights’]).sum() / df[‘weights’].sum()
print(weighted_avg)
The output of this code will be:
37.0
In both examples, we first create an array or a DataFrame containing the values and their corresponding weights. Then, we use the builtin functions to calculate the weighted average.
Limitations of Weighted Average
While the weighted average is a useful measure, it has some limitations:
 The weighted average is only appropriate when the weights assigned to each value are meaningful and relevant. If the weights are arbitrary or subjective, the weighted average may not be a reliable measure.
 The weighted average is sensitive to outliers. If there are extreme values in the dataset, they can significantly affect the weighted average.
 The weighted average assumes that the weights are proportional to the significance of the values. However, in some cases, the weights may not accurately reflect the importance of the values.
FAQs

What is the difference between weighted and simple average?
The simple average is calculated by adding all the values in a dataset and then dividing the sum by the number of values. The weighted average takes into account the relative importance of each value by assigning different weights to each value.

What is the weighted average of grades?
In grading systems, the weighted average is used to calculate the final grade by assigning different weights to each assignment, quiz, or exam.

How do you calculate the weighted average of a stock portfolio?
To calculate the weighted average of a stock portfolio, you need to multiply the price of each stock by its weight, add all the products, and then divide the sum by the total value of the portfolio.

What is the weighted average cost of capital (WACC)?
The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the average cost of all the funds used by a company, including debt and equity. The WACC is used to evaluate the overall cost of capital and to determine whether a company’s investments are profitable.

How do you calculate the weighted average in SQL?
To calculate the weighted average in SQL, you can use the SUM() and AVG() functions along with the GROUP BY clause. Here is an example:
SELECT SUM(value * weight) / SUM(weight) AS weighted_avg FROM dataset;

What is the difference between weighted average and median?
The weighted average takes into account the relative importance of each value by assigning different weights to each value. The median, on the other hand, is the middle value in a dataset. The median is not affected by outliers, while the weighted average is sensitive to outliers.

What is a weighted moving average?
A weighted moving average is a statistical measure that calculates the average of a dataset over a specific period of time, with more weight given to the most recent values.

What is the difference between weighted average and harmonic mean?
The weighted average takes into account the relative importance of each value by assigning different weights to each value. The harmonic mean, on the other hand, is a measure of central tendency that gives more weight to smaller values. The harmonic mean is used when the dataset contains ratios or rates.

What is the weighted average maturity (WAM) of a bond portfolio?
The weighted average maturity (WAM) of a bond portfolio is the average time until the bonds in the portfolio mature, weighted by the amount invested in each bond.

What is the difference between weighted average and geometric mean?
The weighted average takes into account the relative importance of each value by assigning different weights to each value. The geometric mean, on the other hand, is a measure of central tendency that calculates the average growth rate over a period of time. The geometric mean is used when the dataset contains values that are subject to compounding, such as investment returns.